Racial discrimination can happen on an institutional – or systemic – level, from everyday rules and structures that are not consciously intended or designed to discriminate. Patterns of behaviour, policies or practices that are part of the structures of an organization or an entire sector can disadvantage or fail to reverse the ongoing impact and legacy of historical disadvantage of racialized persons. This means that even though you did not intend to, your “normal way of doing things” might be having a negative impact on racialized persons.
Racial discrimination occurs when an individual is subjected to unequal treatment because of their actual or perceived race. The . Constitution and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 work in concert to ensure that each resident’s rights and standing under the law are not damaged by their race. However, it's important to remember that slavery was a major driver of the . economy when the Constitution was first ratified, so racism has long played a major (if dubious) role in American culture. This section offers in-depth information on unlawful racial discrimination in a number of settings, including employment, housing, education, and other public resources. It also provides links to key federal laws and . Supreme Court decisions related to racial discrimination.